Integrated Maritime Industry Strategy 2014
Developing a sustainable
The Province of KwaZulu-Natal is well endowed with maritime and marine resources; two of the busiest ports in Africa and the Southern Hemisphere, hundreds of kilometres of coastline and inland waterways. The 2050 Africa Integrated Maritime (AIM) Strategy plan was adopted at The 22nd Ordinary Session of the African Union (AU) Summit, which ended on Friday
January 31, 2014. This plan highlighted awareness of the imperative to develop a sustainable "blue economy" initiative by realising the full potential of water-based activities in an environmentally sustainable manner.
The KwaZulu-Natal Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs has taken the initiative to develop an 'Integrated Maritime Industry Strategy' as a strategic sectoral development tool for the province. As with the AIM strategy's goals, the KZN marine strategy is vital to heighten the awareness of the maritime sector's potential
to growing the province's GDP, share of global and regional trade, competitiveness, long-term growth and employment.
The draft vision for the KZN maritime Industry is:
"To position KZN as a gateway to South Africa, Africa and the World, through efficient and sustainable utilisation of marine and maritime assets in order to stimulate economic growth and development."
The Maritime Industry in KZN straddles numerous sectors (freight and logistics, ancillary maritime support services, tourism and leisure, marine energy, and fishing, aquaculture and mariculture). The boat building and repair industry presents opportunities for economic growth and job creation, given its labour intensity, strong backward linkages to industries such as steel manufacturing, as well as skills development. Aquaculture has been identified as one of the priority sectors for development by Government. A new emerging economic opportunity in the province is Marine Aquaculture (Mariculture); this untested field is another example of the diversity of untapped marine related resources in the province.
The KwaZulu-Natal coastline has seen the recent commencement of offshore oil and gas exploration, with seismic investigation stretching from Port Shepstone to Kosi Bay. In addition, the oil and gas boom along the east
coast presents numerous opportunities to the local maritime industry. It is apparent that the maritime industry requires a
greater level of engagement to enhance the capacity of the industry. This includes access to suitable marine manufacturing sites, maritime infrastructure development such as harbours and cruise terminals. The development of technology diffusion and innovation, R&D, supply chain efficiency, business collaboration and capital investment. This will assist in
reducing the cost of transport and logistics, thereby further stimulating the transport and logistics sector and encouraging development and employment creation within the key sectors of manufacturing, agriculture and tourism.
The Province has a unique challenge to develop an integrated approach that adequately engages all these components as well as the varied public and private sector role players. This strategy seeks to create a conducive environment in which the broad KZN maritime industry can thrive.
The existing economic activities and potential future activities in the Province give rise to the key thematic areas driving the development of the Integrated Maritime Strategy, namely there is a need to:
Enhance competitiveness and productivity by increasing the capacity of infrastructure, ensuring integrated spatial planning and cost reduction along the transport and logistics supply chain Deepen the marine sub sectors that are directly related to the maritime sector
Further transformation of the Maritime sector through empowerment
Produce a capable labour force through skills development, training and education.
Additionally, there is a need to optimize the business environment that supports the maritimesector through institutional structuring and ensuring policy influence These goals will be achieved by
The leveraging of resources through strategic partnerships in order to implement economic projects
Facilitation of sustainable work in the sector, through supportive training, technology and investment
Support the implementation of strategic impact projects provincially, that promote local competitive advantage
Provincial Growth And Development Strategy And Plan (Pgds And Pgdp)
The Provincial Growth and Development Plan (PGDP), the implementation framework for the Provincial
Growth and Development Strategy (PGDS), provides a number of interventions that either directly or indirectly impact on the KZN maritime sector.
The interventions identified deal specifically with improving port capacity and productivity, as well as creating rail and road linkages up and down the coast between the two major seaports of Durban and Richards Bay. Of significance the effectiveness and efficiency of the ports are required to ensure that the investment environment is attractive to potential
The interventions proposed seek to optimise existing infrastructure but more importantly, to build on KZN's competitive advantage creating economic infrastructure which will result in sustainable job creation.
The relevant key interventions with regards to the KZN Maritime Strategy are:
Implement plans for the Dig Out Port
.Improve and expand Durban's Back of Port Operations
.Develop Richards Bay Port Container Terminal
The following planned developments are receiving attention:
.. A ship repair facility
.. Additional bulk liquid handling berth
.. Additional berths for break bulk and dry bulk
.. Container handling facility at an existing berth
.. Improve Durban Passenger Terminal
.. Establish feasibility of development of selected small craft harbours
.. Establish a dedicated freight link: Durban Port to Inland Hub
.. Expansion of Coal Rail Link
.. Expand and maintain core rail freight network and the branch Line
All stakeholders involved in the Provincial maritime arena must commit to ensuring close coordination and communication with one another, knowledge development and sharing, skills development and training, and enterprise development. Through commitment to this shared vision, KZN has the potential to truly become a trade gateway to Africa and the rest of the world.